Grunge Alternative-Rock band formed in Los Angeles, California USA, in 1989 by Courtney Love, an ex-stripper and actress who started singing and playing guitar with L7's Jennifer Finch and Kat Bjelland, Love appeared for a while as vocalist with Faith No More; she recruited guitarist Eric Erlandson, bass player Jill Emery and drummer Caroline Rue, forming her new band: Hole.
In 1991 the band recorded its debut album, "Pretty On The Inside", the next year, in March, Love married Nirvana singer + guitarist Kurt Cobain, that same month Emery departed from the group, with Rue following shortly afterwards.
Throughout 1993, Love, re-assembled the band by bringing on board bassist
Kristen M. Pfaff and drummer Patty Schemel. Hole's second full-length
disc was finished in April of 1994. Four days before "Live Through
This" was released, Kurt Cobain was found in his house, dead of a
Two months later, Kristen Pfaff died of a heroin overdose, she was later replaced by Melissa Auf Der Maur. The group's second album eventually reached the #52 position on the U.S. Top 200 chart lead by "Doll Parts" which rose to #4 on The Modern Rock Tracks and hit the top 20 in Great Britain. The follow-up, "Miss World", peaked at #13 on the U.S. alt-Rock radio chart but the album generated three additional Modern Rock top 40 singles "Violet", "Softer, Softest" and "Asking For It".
In 1996 the group recorded their version of Fleetwood Mac's "Gold Dust Woman" for the movie "The Crow: City Of Angels"; the track reached #31 on The Modern Rock airplay chart.
The following year, Hole, returned to the studio to cut their long awaited third LP. "Celebrity Skin" was released in August 1998 and quickly broke into the top 10 of The Billboard 200 and later held the #3 on the Top Canadian Albums chart. The title-track peaked at #1 on The Modern Rock chart and became the band's second U.K. top 20 hit as well as their first Australian success; the second single, "Malibu", was another worldwide hit with a #3 placement on The Modern Rock airplay list; "Awful" followed, peaking at #13 on the same chart .
Around this time Schemel quit, Samantha Maloney was chosen as her replacement
and took over the drum stool. One year later Auf
Der Maur left the band to join The
Smashing Pumpkins; at this point the future of the group became even
more uncertain, in fact Courtney Love
announced the end of Hole in May of 2002.
She returned in February of 2004 with her solo debut album, "America's Sweetheart".
After numerous delays and false starts to her second solo album, in early 2010 Love resolved the dispute over her decision to resurrect Hole. The album, entitled "Nobody's Daughter", was released under the band's name in April 2010; the disc peaked at #15 on The Billboard 200 and #11 on the Top Canadian Albums charts. The lead-off single, "Skinny Little Bitch", crested at #19 on The Hot Modern Rock chart and was subsequently follewed by the minor hit "Pacific Coast Highway".