Bruce Springsteen Biography
Bruce Springsteen was born on September 23, 1949, in Freehold, New Jersey USA; he bought a secondhand guitar at 13 and while in high school, he began to play at local bars and nightclubs.
In 1972 Springsteen scored a record deal with Columbia Records and went
into the studio with many of the musicians with whom he had already worked;
the result was "Greetings From Asbury Park N.J", his first album
which sold poorly, although it received favorable reviews.
Just ten months later, in September of 1973, he released a second album titled "The Wild, The Innocent & The E Street Shuffle" receiving little commercial success.
The Hartland Folk-rocker spent the following year retooling his backup
band, which he dubbed The E Street Band; the group comprised second guitarist
Steve Van Zandt better known as Little Steven, bassist Garry Tallent,
organist Danny Federici, pianist Roy Bittan, saxophonist Clarence Clemons
and drummer Max Weinberg.
Springsteen's big break came when he released "Born To Run" in August 1975, the title-track climbed its way into the Top 40, propelling the album into the top 3 of the National U.S. Pop chart and quickly earned a strong following on the other side of the Atlantic; a second single cut, "Tenth Avenue Freeze-Out", reached the #83 spot on the U.S. Pop chart.
In the years following this success, he was in court continuously because of a legal conflict with former manager Mike Appel; by the time the singer + guitarist had resolved the management issues and in mid-1978 returned with his fourth effort, "Darkness On The Edge Of Town"; it peaked at #5 on The U.S. Pop Albums chart and spawned two top 40 hits: "Prove It All Night" and "Badlands".
October 1980 saw Springsteen release the double album "The River" which showcased his strengthening musical and writing ability; as a result, the set immediately soared to the #1 spot on the U.S. Top 200 LPs & Tapes chart and the lead single, "Hungry Heart", hit #5 in his home country Pop chart and finally established his image as an international Rock star; the second single, "Fade Away", made the top 20 on both U.S. Official Pop Singles and Mainstream Rock charts; "The River" yielded three further American Mainstream Rock top 40 hits: "Point Blank", "Ramrod" and "I'm A Rocker".
After touring with the material in the States and Europe, in September 1982, he returned with a one-man acoustic album titled "Nebraska", it peaked at #3 on the U.S. Pop Albums chart and included the Mainstream Rock top 10 hit "Atlantic City" and "Open All Night" which reached #22 on the same chart.
Nearly two years later Bruce Springsteen changed gears towards a Pop-oriented
Rock style with "Born In The U.S.A.", the record shot to #1
on The Billboard Top 200 Albums list and enjoyed similar chart success
in the U.K. where it stayed for two and a half years; the lead single,
"Dancing In The Dark", rose to the #2 slot on The Billboard
Hot 100; but the album also generated a series of Billboard Hot 100 top
10 hits with the title-track, "Glory Days", "I'm On Fire",
"My Hometown", "Cover Me" and "I'm Goin' Down",
all of which made the Mainstream Rock Tracks top 10. This album went on
to sell 20 million copies worldwide, while Springsteen accompanied it
with a successful world tour for nearly two years, playing with a revamped
E Street Band; in early 1984 Little Steven had departed the touring band
for a solo career, to be replaced by Nils Lofgren.
At the 27th annual Grammy Awards, in February 1985, "Dancing In The Dark" won for Best Rock Vocal Performance; during the year all seven albums to date entered the British chart, the group contributed a live cover-song to the all-star famine-relief effort USA For Africa "We Are The World", the single entitled "Trapped" shot to #1 on The Mainstream Rock chart; that fall Springsteen joined Little Steven on the Artists United Against Apartheid song "Sun City".
"Live/1975-85", a 5-album box-set, credited to Bruce Springsteen & The E Street Band arrived in November 1986 reaching in a few weeks the #1 position on The Billboard 200 chart, it contained the single "War" which peaked at #8 on The Billboard Hot 100 and at #4 on The Mainstream Rock chart; it was followed by two more Active Rock top 30 hits, including the #14 "Fire" and "Because The Night".
Now known as 'The Boss', Bruce Springsteen began working on the next studio album, the more withdrawn effort "Tunnel Of Love" which was issued in October 1987; the record was an instant #1 in U.S. and in Britain; it spawned two Mainstream Rock #1 singles: "Brilliant Disguise" and the title-track, both of these songs entered the top 10 of The Billboard Hot 100. The album, which was named Best Male Rock Vocal Performance at 30th annual Grammy Awards, also included the Active Rock top 5 hit "All That Heaven Will Allow" and the top 3 "One Step Up", the latter of which peaked at #13 on The Billboard Hot 100.
In 1988 he released the 4-track live EP "Chimes Of Freedom"
in conjunction with the Amnesty International Tour; the title-song peaked
at #16 on The Mainstream RocK chart.
The following year Julianne Phillips and Bruce Springsteen divorced and the musician became romantically linked with his backing singer Patty Scialfa who had joined The E Street Band; Springsteen announced that the group were breaking up a short time later, he finally married Scialfa in 1991 and the couple subsequently settled down and raised three children.
After a three year break from music, The Boss resumed his career in 1992 issuing two albums simultaneously that spring; "Human Touch" hit #1 in U.K. and #2 on the U.S. Official Albums chart; "Lucky Town" ascended into the top 3 of the American Billboard 200 Albums list. "Human Touch" generated three Mainstream Rock top 10 hits: "57 Channels (And Nothin' On)", "Roll Of The Dice" and the title-track which soared to #1 spot and also reached the #16 position on The Billboard Hot 100; "Lucky Town" produced another Active Rock top 3 smash: "Better Days".
Two years later, he released "Streets Of Philadelphia" for the 1994 blockbuster film "Philadelphia"; the single peaked at #2 on the British chart, at #9 on The Billboard Hot 100 and earned Springsteen an Oscar plus four Grammy awards including Best Rock Vocal Performance, Song Of The Year, Best Rock Song and Best Song Written For A Motion Picture.
The 18-track collection, simply titled "Greatest Hits", was
released in February of 1995, the four new songs on the set find Springsteen
finally finding a way to incorporate his E Street Band, this album became
his fifth U.S. chart-topper and fourth U.K. #1; one of the new track,
"Secret Garden", released as a single, peaked at #19 on The
Billboard Hot 100 and at #14 on The Mainstream Rock Tracks.
That fall he released a solo acoustic album, "The Ghost Of Tom Joad", which reached #11 on The Billboard Top 200 and won him a Grammy for Best Contemporary Folk Album.
Exactly three years later, in November 1998, Springsteen delivered 66
previously unreleased songs to "Tracks", a 4 CD box-set which
debuted at #27 on the U.S. Top 200 Albums chart spawning the Mainstream
Rock top 40 single "I Wanna Be With You".
The following year Springsteen embarked on a massive world tour with The E Street Band, including both Lofgren and Van Zandt on guitars; in spring 2001 arrived the double-CD "Live In New York City" recorded during the group's 10-date Madison Square Garden stint in early summer 2000, the set climbed into the top 5 of The Billboard 200.
Springsteen and The E Street Band then reunited to record their first
new studio album since 1984; "The Rising", released in July
2002, was inspired by the terrorist attacks of 11 September the previous
year; although the title-track failed to enter the top 20 of The Mainstream
Rock chart, the album soared to #1 spots on both U.S. and Canadian Pop
charts; it was also named Best Rock Album at the 45th Annual Grammy ceremony,
that night the Boss took home two more Grammys: Best Rock Song and Best
Male Rock Vocal Performance for the album's title-song.
The following year Springsteen won his eleventh Grammy Award, Best Rock Performance By A Duo Or Group With Vocal, for the song "Disorder In The House" in collaboration with Warren Zevon.
"The Essential Bruce Springsteen", a retrospective double-CD collection which covered every phase of the Boss' career, was released in November 2003 and charted in the top 20 of The Billboard 200; the set included "Code Of Silence" which was awarded a Grammy for Best Solo Rock Vocal Performance.
In April 2005, he released yet another #1 album, "Devils & Dust", picking up another Grammy for Best Solo Rock Vocal Performance at the 48th annual Grammy Awards.
Bruce Springsteen returned a year later with an unusual album, "We Shall Overcome The Seeger Sessions", which features Springsteen's personal interpretations of 13 traditional songs, all of them associated with the legendary guiding light of American Folk music, Pete Seeger, for whom the album is named. The set peaked at #3 on The Billboard 200 Albums chart.
"Magic", his next studio recording and his first with The E Street Band in five years, followed in October 2007 reaching #1 in U.S. and Canada. It included two singles, The Billboard Hot 100 minor hit "Girls In Their Summer Clothes" and "Radio Nowhere" which earned him two Grammy Awards, Best Rock Song and Best Solo Rock Vocal Performance; at that ceremony Springsteen picked up another Grammy, Best Rock Instrumental Performance for "Once Upon A Time In The West", featured on the 2007 all-star tribute album called "We All Love Ennio Morricone", celebrating the music of the revered Italian composer.
In January 2009 he released "Working On A Dream"; the disc was recorded with The E Street Band and shot to #1 on The Billboard 200; the lead-off single, the album's title-track, was honored with a Grammy for Best Solo Rock Vocal Performance.
Bruce Springsteen's 17th studio album "Wrecking Ball" arrived in March 2012. "We Take Care Of Our Own" was the album's first single. This is the first album since Clarence Clemons' death, the E Street Band's legendary saxophonist, who died after complications from a stroke on June 18, 2011.