The Red Hot Chili Peppers Biography
This Alternative-Rock Funk-Metal band was formed in Los Angeles, California
USA, in 1983 with the original line-up of Hillel Slovack on guitar, Anthony
Kiedes also on guitar, Flea real name Michael Balzary on bass and Jack
Irons behind the drum kit.
In 1984, The Red Hot Chili Peppers, released their self-titled debut album and followed it up with "Freaky Styley" which came out on EMI Records one year later.
1987's "The Uplift Mofo Party Plan" marked their first charting album cracking The Billboard 200 that same year as a result of the buzz created by their explosive live performances.
After the release of "The Abbey Road EP", Slovack died of a
heroin overdose on June 25, 1988; Irons subsequently left the group and
the Peppers bolstered its line-up by recruiting John Frusciante on guitar
and Chad Smith on drums.
In August of 1989 the band unleashed "Mother's Milk" which peaked at #52 on The Billboard 200 Albums chart and generated two Modern Rock hit singles: "Higher Ground" reached the #11 spot and "Knock Me Down" peaked at #6.
One year later, the group contributed the Modern Rock top 10 hit, "Show Me Your Soul", to the soundtrack of the film "Pretty Woman".
September 1991 saw the release of the Warner Brothers' stunning debut, "Blood Sugar Sex Magik", the record made them international Rock stars; in America, it rose to #3 on Billboard's Top 200 Albums chart, its single "Give It Away" peaked at #1 on The Modern Rock chart and won a Grammy for Best Hard Rock Performance. The second single, "Under The Bridge", became a transatlantic smash hit, in the U.S. it peaked at #2 on both The Billboard's Hot 100 and Active Rock charts; "Suck My Kiss" reached the #15 position on The Modern Rock Tracks and "Breaking The Girl" crashed into the top 20 on both Mainstream and Modern Rock charts.
After two albums, Frusciante left The Peppers in May of 1992; in September EMI America released a compilation titled "What Hits!?" which collected the best tracks from the group's first four albums plus a previously unreleased song, "Behind The Sun"; the track, released as a single, hit #7 on The Modern Rock chart and pushed the collection to #22 on the U.S. Albums chart as well.
The following year the band recorded the song "Soul To Squeeze" for the movie soundtrack "Coneheads", the single went straight to #1 on The Modern Rock chart and former Jane's Addiction, Dave Navarro, joined as new lead guitarist.
In 1995 "One Hot Minute" peaked at #2 in Britain and at #4 on The Billboard 200 Albums chart but failed to match the commercial success of its predecessor; the main single, "My Friends", climbed to the top on both the Billboard's Rock charts, "Aeroplane" peaked at #8 on The Modern Rock Tracks and "Warped" hit #7 on the same chart.
The band recorded in 1996 "Love Rollercoaster", a song for the soundtrack to the animated TV series "Beavis And Butt", the song hit #14 on The Modern Rock chart.
Two years later Navarro departed for a solo career and Frusciante returned
re-energized for 1999's "Californication" which was a massive
smash worldwide. The disc rose to #3 on the U.S. Top 200 and to
#5 on the U.K. Albums charts spawning a seemingly endless series of singles:
"Scar Tissue" smashed into the top 10 of The Billboard Hot 100
and climbed to the #1 slots on both Modern and Mainstream Rock charts, also "Otherside" reached the top spots on the Billboard's
Rock charts; the title-track hit #1 on The Modern Rock list and #2 on
The Mainstream Rock Tracks and "Around The World" climbed into the
top 10 of The Modern Rock chart.
"Scar Tissue" eventually won them a Grammy for Best Rock Song.
RHCP's eighth studio effort, "By The Way", was released in the summer of 2002, going straight to #1 on the Top Canadian Albums and to #2 in the United States, highlighted by two #1s Modern Rock singles: "By The Way" and "Can't Stop"; the title-track also reached the top of the Active Rock chart; "The Zephyr Song" hit #6 on The Modern Rock Tracks and "Dosed" cracked the top 20 on the same chart. "By The Way" album eventually reached #1 in Britain, in all Scandinavian countries, Germany, Italy and Australia.
The next year, the band, assembled the retrospective collection "Greatest Hits" which included two new songs. "Fortune Faded" debuted at #8 on The Modern Rock chart.
In May 2006 the multi-platinum alt-Rock group put out the double album "Stadium
Arcadium"; the set, which features 28 new tracks, shot to #1 on The Billboard 200 and remained on that chart for 66 weeks. Internationally it leaded the sales-charts in almost every country it was given out on. The abum spun off three Hot Modern
Rock #1 hit singles: "Dani California", "Tell Me Baby" and "Snow (Hey Oh)", all of those singles also charted inside the top 10 of The Hot Mainstream Rock list. The non-American single "Desecration Smile" broke into the top 30 in U.K. and the final single, "Hump De Bump" hit #8 on the U.S. Modern
At the 49th Grammy ceremony Kiedis, Frusciante, Flea and Smith took home three Awards: Best Rock Song and Best Rock Performance By A Duo Or Group With Vocal for "Dani California" and Best Rock Album for "Stadium Arcadium".
Following a world tour the group went on a long hiatus. Chad Smith joined Chickenfoot, once again Frusciante left and Josh Klinghoffer became the new lead guitarist for the band.
The Red Hot Chili Peppers returned in August 2011 with their tenth outing, "I'm With You". The disc peaked at #2 in U.S. and Canada, while the first single, "The Adventures Of Rain Dance Maggie", debuted at #1 on both Billboard's Alternative and Rock Songs charts. It was soon followed by another Alternative Rock radio top 10 hit, "Monarchy Of Roses".